July 21, 2020 10:05 am
CoST Uganda in partnership with DFID under the project Business Integrity Initiative (BII) conducted a media interface on 30th June 2020. The main objective of the media interface was to strengthen the capacity of journalists on public infrastructure procurement processes.
The engagement attracted 39 (29 Female, 13 Male) stakeholders including 29 journalists and 10 additional stakeholders. The engagement was aimed at empowering journalists with knowledge and skills in public procurement processes for infrastructure projects. The journalists were further equipped with skills in investigative journalism, data journalism. The event was also used to share findings on the GPP infrastructure data analysis report to a wider coverage to build clout for the Fair Business practices campaign.
Left_Right_Mr. JJ Bakalikwira, Ass. Commissioner, National Guidance- MoICT &NG; Mr. Edwin Muhuumuza, Director Corporate Affairs – PPDA and; Mr. Emmanuel Mutaizibwa, Senior Investigative Journalist – NTV facilitating the media interface.
Facilitating a session on the public infrastructure procurement processes, the Director, Corporate Affairs PPDA, Mr. Edwin Muhumuza, pointed out the key areas prone to corruption in infrastructure procurements including; Procurement Planning, Compensation of PAPs, drafting of specifications, Evaluation, Contract management, bid receipt, and opening, Advertising and Contract award. He also noted that the media is very influential in awareness-raising but especially, he tasked the media too;
- Increase public scrutiny and participation in monitoring government contracts.
- Check shoddy work by contractors
- Bring to the attention of competent authorities any mismanagement of public works
- Support activism of Civil society and other non-state actors.
Talking about Investigative Infrastructure journalism; Emmanuel Mutaizibwa, a Senior journalist noted that, an active journalist is never off-duty. They have to keep their eyes open and notice blocked drains on the road as they travel to work, stalled projects, delayed projects, cracks on completed buildings, complaints from citizens, etc; Go to investigate with an open mind. Be ready for a story to change from positive to negative or vice versa. There may be more story ideas than seen at first glance, requiring an investigation and some probing. Keep an ideas section in your notebook and jot down everything you observe or the questions that arise! Better: Record them on your mobile!
Participants during the media training;
Giving journalists tips on story identification, Emmanuel noted that reporters complain ‘I don’t have enough evidence!’ even after visiting the site of a story, talking to people and recording details. But this is already evident. Something that happens to you is no less valid as the starting point for a story than something that happens to someone else. The advantage is you know it is happening because you experienced it. Reporters are their own best witness, and it is always preferable to have first-hand experience and observation to help in shaping a story – backed up by detailed notes taken at the time. Never rely on memories! A mobile phone with a powerful camera is a huge advantage. So, photograph that leaking sewer as soon as you see it!
Speaking about data journalism, Mr. Alex Atuhaire, a Senior Investigative Journalist advised journalists to always be armed with facts before putting anything on paper. He noted that it is very critical for journalists to go in-depth to investigate a single story that may uncover corruption, review government policies or of corporate houses, or draw attention to social, economic, political or cultural trends, but this requires generating story ideas, planning the investigations; gathering extra data, interviewing and researching; writing/producing the stories.
From the media interface, CoST Uganda observed the following outcomes;
- Enhanced media capacity to report on infrastructure and fair business practices; Core interface areas of focus received the highest score from the pre-and post-assessment; most of the participants were highly satisfied with the facilitators, peer learning and experience sharing, quality of presentations and level of participation/involvement. The commitments to provide airtime space, publish more issue-based pieces, is a revelation that they understood the theme of the engagement and are/were pleased to associate themselves with it even before; we have observed this through the increasing number of journalists who have approached us demanding for information and making publications.
- Increased access to infrastructure information; Journalists were empowered with knowledge and information to monitor and report on public procurement especially for infrastructure projects. The InfraData dashboard and the GPP are among the key platforms shared with the journalists.
- Resulting from the engagement, more journalists, especially senior journalists have expressed to join the CoST media forum, have offered to provide technical support and mentorship to the young journalists; some of the journalists have documented infrastructure projects including those that are not under CoST Assurance process but have identified concerns around them. We are noting an increased interest by journalists to write journalistic pieces on infrastructure projects.
- Increased awareness on issues of infrastructure transparency, fair business practices, and procurement transparency. This is observed through the increased online following and engagements, and views, downloads on publications about the project.
- The journalists require more mentorship programs however, they are limited to such opportunities. The space given by CoST Uganda has been a timely opportunity for journalists to learn more about procurement processes, investigative journalism, and data collection which many of them had not had the opportunity to acquire.
- We are also learning that; we need to form joint partnerships with media houses; the discussion on fair business practices has attracted more journalists and media houses who are now providing free airtime to discuss these issues, and in some instances cost-share airtime as part of their corporate social responsibility; in so doing, we will be able to sustain the discussions.
Resulting from the engagement, journalists expressed an increased understanding of the public infrastructure procurement processes; Journalists were also able to relate and share experiences from practice to theory. The discussions on investigative journalism invoked their interest and from the assessment forms, most of them called for more of such sessions. At the end of the engagement, there were areas of interest identified for them such as sharing by the private sector – contractors and the legislature – members of parliament and CoST Uganda will be looking into these. Journalists are called upon to categorize themselves, build interest in infrastructure procurement reporting with aspects of promoting integrity and fairness in the way infrastructure procurements are done, encouraging opening up of the market to enhance competition and participation, by so doing, more firms will engage and there will be fair business practices.